The Nobel Prize in Literature 1985
Born: 10 October 1913, Tananarive (now Antananarivo), Madagascar
Died: 6 July 2005, Paris, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: "who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.