The Nobel Prize in Literature 1985
Born: 10 October 1913, Tananarive (now Antananarivo), Madagascar
Died: 6 July 2005, Paris, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: "who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.