The Nobel Prize in Literature 1997
Born: 24 March 1926, Leggiuno-Sangiano, Italy
Died: 13 October 2016, Milano, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.