George R. Minot


George Richards Minot

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

George Richards Minot
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1934

Born: 2 December 1885, Boston, MA, USA

Died: 25 February 1950, Brookline, MA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Prize motivation: “for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia”

Prize share: 1/3


Anemia, or blood deficiency, means that the amount of red blood cells in the blood is too low. After George Whipple showed that the formation of blood cells among dogs was stimulated by a diet rich in liver, in 1926 George Minot and William Murphy adapted this finding for people with the serious illness of pernicious anemia. If patients ate abundant amounts of liver daily, their condition improved. This also shed light on the cause of pernicious anemia, a shortage of a substance that later proved to be vitamin B12, which is found in liver.

To cite this section
MLA style: George R. Minot – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2024. Tue. 27 Feb 2024. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Eleven laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2023, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from effective mRNA vaccines and attosecond physics to fighting against the oppression of women.

See them all presented here.

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.