Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1937
Born: 16 September 1893, Budapest, Austria-Hungary (now Hungary)
Died: 22 October 1986, Woods Hole, MA, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Szeged University, Szeged, Hungary
Prize motivation: "for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid."
Prize share: 1/1
In our cells nutrients are broken down so that energy is released for the construction of cells. At the beginning of the 1930s, Albert Szent-Györgyi studied these metabolic processes and showed how their sequences are affected by catalysts - substances that facilitate reactions without being incorporated in the final products. Growth hormones, including fumaric acid, play a key role in transporting fluids as part of oxidation reactions in metabolism. Albert Szent-Györgyi also pointed to the role of vitamin C, the substance he identified, in the processes.
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.