On 6 June 1954, the 25th anniversary of the discovery of penicillin was celebrated at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School, Paddington, England, in the presence of Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh. Sir Alexander Fleming presented the Duke with a culture plate with the specimen of the mould that made penicillin.
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.