Tadeus Reichstein

Facts

Tadeus Reichstein

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Tadeus Reichstein
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1950

Born: 20 July 1897, Wloclawek, Poland

Died: 1 August 1996, Basel, Switzerland

Affiliation at the time of the award: Basel University, Basel, Switzerland

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects."

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Situated atop the kidneys are two small glands, the adrenal glands. Their function was unknown for a long time, but if they were injured, deficiency diseases ensued that ended in death. In the mid-1930s Edward Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein succeeded in isolating and analyzing the composition of a number of similar hormones derived from the adrenal cortex. These became the basis for cortisone preparations that, with input from Kendall and Philip Hench, were used at the end of the 1940s to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammations.

To cite this section
MLA style: Tadeus Reichstein – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Thu. 15 Nov 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1950/reichstein/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.