Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.


Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1971

Born: 19 November 1915, Burlingame, KS, USA

Died: 9 March 1974, Miami, FL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Prize motivation: “for his discoveries concerning the mechanisms of the action of hormones”

Prize share: 1/1


Signals between different parts of the body are conveyed by small electrical impulses and by chemical substances, hormones and signal substances. Communication also takes place between different cell parts. Earl Sutherland investigated how hormones, especially adrenaline, work. He showed how signals from one cell to another are conveyed by a messenger—the hormone—and how signals within the cell are then conveyed by another messenger. Around 1960 he showed how cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) serves as the secondary messenger within the cell.

To cite this section
MLA style: Earl W. Sutherland, Jr. – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Thu. 7 Dec 2023. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1971/sutherland/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Streams during Nobel Week

Watch the 2023 Nobel Prize lectures, the Nobel Prize Concert, Nobel Week Dialogue, the prize award ceremonies in Oslo and Stockholm and Nobel Peace Prize Forum here at nobelprize.org.
Watch lectures and award ceremonies

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.