Randal Cremer


William Randal Cremer

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

William Randal Cremer
The Nobel Peace Prize 1903

Born: 18 March 1828, Fareham, United Kingdom

Died: 22 July 1908, London, United Kingdom

Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom

Role: Member, British Parliament; Secretary, International Arbitration League

Prize motivation: “for his longstanding and devoted effort in favour of the ideas of peace and arbitration”

Prize share: 1/1

Father of the Inter-Parliamentary Union

William Randal Cremer was nicknamed the “Member of Arbitration” by his colleagues in Parliament. This was not without reason. All his life he worked for the use of arbitration to resolve international conflicts, with the aim of preventing war.

Cremer held prominent positions of trust in the popular peace movement, and took the initiative for the establishment of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in 1889. The organization provided a forum where elected representatives of different countries could cooperate. It was a triumph for Cremer that the Hague Conference in 1899 resolved to establish an international court of arbitration. In Parliament, Cremer spoke out fearlessly against war, among other things criticizing the British Government for the Boer War in South Africa.

Randal Cremer's origins were humble. He was apprenticed as a carpenter, and became a trade unionist before being elected to Parliament. In 1907 King Edward VII dubbed the old peace activist a knight, and released Cremer from the obligation to wear a sword at the ceremony.

To cite this section
MLA style: Randal Cremer – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Thu. 30 Nov 2023. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1903/cremer/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Eleven laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2023, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from effective mRNA vaccines and attosecond physics to fighting against the oppression of women.

See them all presented here.

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.