Auguste Marie François Beernaert
The Nobel Peace Prize 1909
Born: 26 July 1829, Ostend, Belgium
Died: 6 October 1912, Lucerne, Switzerland
Residence at the time of the award: Belgium
Role: ex-Prime Minister, Member, Belgian Parliament, Member of Cour Internationale d'arbitrage at the Hague
Prize motivation: “for their prominent position in the international movement for peace and arbitration”
Prize share: 1/2
Prime Minister and Inter-Parliamentarian
Auguste Beernaert was one of Belgium's most skilful lawyers. In 1873 he became a member of the Government, and from 1884 to 1894 he was King Leopold II's Prime Minister. After resigning from the Government, however, he became opposed to the King because of the brutal policy pursued in the Congo, but he remained a member of parliament all his life. It was through his inter-parliamentary work and at the international peace conferences at the Hague in 1899 and 1907 that he became known as a friend of peace. At the Hague, among other assignments, he headed the commission dealing with the laws and customs of land warfare, and with regard to the question of neutrality he pleaded the cause of the small states.
When the first case came up before the International Court at the Hague in 1902 (USA against Mexico), Beernaert acted for Mexico. Towards the end of his life, Beernaert endeavored to prevent aerial warfare. A few days before he died he submitted a proposal against such warfare.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
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