Gabriel Lippmann

Facts

Gabriel Lippmann

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Gabriel Lippmann

Born: 16 August 1845, Hollerich, Luxembourg

Died: 13 July 1921, ,

Affiliation at the time of the award: Sorbonne University, Paris, France

Prize motivation: "for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference."

Prize share: 1/1

Work

During the 19th century methods were developed for producing black-and-white photographs with the help of light-sensitive silver halides. In the 1890s Gabriel Lippmann discovered a method for color photography based on interference - interaction between light waves. Using a mirror, light was reflected through a photographic emulsion in which the interference phenomenon produces a number of blackened layers. The distance between the layers corresponds to certain wavelengths and can be transmuted into a color image. The method never came into widespread usage, but lived on as a physics experiment.

To cite this section
MLA style: Gabriel Lippmann – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Fri. 19 Oct 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1908/lippmann/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.