Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.
Born: 25 April 1874, Bologna, Italy
Died: 20 July 1937, Rome, Italy
Affiliation at the time of the award: Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd., London, United Kingdom
Prize motivation: "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy."
Prize share: 1/2
In the late 1880s a previously unknown type of radiation was discovered - radio waves. It was found to have the same nature as light, but with a greater wavelength. Various physicists and technicians investigated whether radio waves could be used to transmit signals. In 1895, Guglielmo Marconi used radio waves to transmit signals over a distance of several kilometers. He developed the technology in subsequent years to achieve greater range. The foundation for both wireless telegraphy and radio had been laid.
See the list of all Nobel Prizes, awarded for "the greatest benefit to mankind."
In his will, Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK to found the Nobel Prizes.
Medicine Laureate Shinya Yamanaka talks about the importance of taking risks.