Clifford G. Shull

Facts

Clifford G. Shull

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Clifford G. Shull

Born: 23 September 1915, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Died: 31 March 2001, Medford, MA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA

Prize motivation: "for the development of the neutron diffraction technique."

Prize share: 1/2

Work

Atomic nuclei are composed of protons and neutrons. Clifford Shull and Bertram Brockhouse developed methods for investigating different materials with beams of neutrons created in a nuclear reactor. According to principles of quantum mechanics, neutrons and other particles can be described as a wave movement, and neutron radiation that passes a regular atomic structure gives rise to diffraction patterns. In 1946 Clifford Shull developed methods to make use of this to determine the structure of different molecules and materials.

To cite this section
MLA style: Clifford G. Shull – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Mon. 15 Oct 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1994/shull/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.