Announcement of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics to Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith, presented by Professor Gunnar Öquist, Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, on 6 October 2009.
Following the announcement, Professor Joseph Nordgren explained to senior editor Simon Frantz how the achievements sharing the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics have revolutionized the way in which information can be transmitted globally.
See the list of all Nobel Prizes, awarded for "the greatest benefit to mankind."
In his will, Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK to found the Nobel Prizes.
Medicine Laureate Shinya Yamanaka talks about the importance of taking risks.