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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906

Join us online

6–12 December
Join us online in December to celebrate this year’s Nobel Prize laureates!

Traditionally the Nobel Prize laureates travel to Stockholm and Oslo to receive their Nobel Prizes. This year’s festivities will be a mixture of digital and physical events. We invite you to join in all the festivities as we stream the Nobel Prize lectures, 2021 award ceremonies and much more online here at nobelprize.org.

See the full programme here
Louise Glück’s Nobel Prize medal and diploma

Louise Glück's Nobel Prize medal and diploma.

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Daniel Ebersole

Coming up

Streams during Nobel Week

Nobel Prize Concert 2021

Nobel Peace Prize Forum 2021

11 December
Hunger | Malnutrition | Climate

Forum around how the pursuit, production, and consumption of food could unlock new possibilities for achieving sustainable development on a global scale. The Forum takes place at the University of Oslo Aula, on 11 December 10:00–12:00 CET and will be streamed live at nobelprize.org.
Nobel Peace Prize Forum
4–12 December
For the second straight year, the artistic light installations of Nobel Week Lights Stockholm − running from 4 to 12 December – will be part of the Nobel Week festivities. The around 20 artistic lighting installations have all been inspired in one way or another by the Nobel Prize and by Nobel Prize-awarded achievements.
Nobel Week Lights (Space/Stockholm City Hall) (5)

Nobel Week Lights installation “Space” lightens up the City Hall in Stockholm.

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Clément Morin.

Memories from the Nobel Week

Sir J. Fraser Stoddart, chemistry 2016

Fraser Stoddart: “One of the great joys of Stockholm was spending time with my co-Laureates”.

Fraser Stoddart
John Nash, economic sciences 1994
Listen to John Nash reminisce about his experience of a December week in Sweden.
John F. Nash Jr.
Kurt Wüthrich, chemistry 2002
Kurt Wüthrich recalls how the overwhelming media coverage made the week very intensive.
Kurt Wüthrich
John B. Fenn, chemistry 2002
John B. Fenn on his Nobel Week experience: “It was wonderful! I even enjoyed being sick there.”
John B. Fenn
William Sharpe, economic sciences 1990
William Sharpe brought an extended family to the festivities in Stockholm.
William Sharpe

What do the laureates receive?

Each diploma is a unique work of art, created by leading Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers. Read more about the diplomas here.

Physics Laureate Donna Strickland's diploma.

Physics laureate Donna Strickland's diploma.

Photo reproduction: Lovisa Engblom

The front of the gold Nobel Prize medals depict Alfred Nobel. The image on the reverse varies according to the institution awarding the prize. Read more about the medals.

Youyou Tu showing her Nobel Medal

Medicine laureate Tu Youyou showing her Nobel Prize medal, 11 December 2015.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

The current amount is at SEK 10 million per full Nobel Prize. A Nobel Prize can be awarded to up to three laureates who share the prize sum. Find out more about the prize amounts throughout history.

Laureates on stage

Laureates on stage after the 2014 Nobel Prize award ceremony.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Since 1901, the Nobel Prizes have been presented to the laureates on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. Here you can browse the ceremonies archive.

Nobel Prize award ceremony

Nobel Prize award ceremony at Konserthuset Stockholm, 10 December 2019.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Nanaka Adachi

According to the statutes of the Nobel Foundation, each laureate shall be presented with a gold medal. Watch a short video about how the Nobel Prize medals are created.

May-Britt and Edvard I. Moser examining their Nobel Medals during their visit to the Nobel Foundation, on 12 December 2014.

May-Britt and Edvard I. Moser examining their Nobel Prize medals.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Each Nobel Prize diploma and medal comes in its own cover and case. Take a deep dive into the world of bookbinding and find out more about the craftmanship behind these unique pieces.
Book binding

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Dan Lepp.

This year the laureates are unable to come to Stockholm, but previous years they have been swept up in a whirlwind of activities during Nobel Week.

Two Medicine Laureates at the table of honour: William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura.

Two medicine laureates at the Nobel Banquet: William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Nobel Prizes 2021

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 was awarded “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems” with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming” and the other half to Giorgio Parisi “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.”

©Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2021
The Nobel Prize in Literature 2021 was awarded to Abdulrazak Gurnah “for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents.”
Abdulrazak Gurnah

Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach.

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2021
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2021 was divided, one half awarded to David Card “for his empirical contributions to labour economics”, the other half jointly to Joshua D. Angrist and Guido W. Imbens “for their methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships.”

©Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Explore prizes and laureates

Nobel Prize lessons

Now you can bring the achievements made by the 2021 Nobel Prize laureates into the classroom! The lessons are so easy to use that a teacher can look through the guide, watch the slides, print the texts for students and then start the class.

Nobel Medal

The Nobel Prize medal

Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Play a game!

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1930
Learn more about blood groups in the blood typing game! The game helps you understand how blood groups work.
Blood typing game
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904
In this game you can train a dog to drool on command! It’s all about conditioned learning.
Pavlov's Dog Game

Try a puzzle

Alfred Nobel – Established the Nobel Prize

On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris, France. The Swedish dynamite millionaire, who thought that his invention would end all wars, had now realised that it was a very deadly product. Wanting to make amends, he did what no man of such wealth had done before …

Alfred Nobel Will

On 10 December 1901 the first Nobel Prizes were awarded, in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace. Read more about the first prizes.

The first Nobel Prize Award Ceremony was held in 1901 at the Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm.

What are you looking for? Search the website.

Nobel destinations

Stockholm, Sweden
The Nobel Prize: Ideas Changing the World (3)

The museum showcases the discoveries and creativity of the Nobel Prize laureates.

Photo: Åke Eson Lindman

NPC Nye Nobels Hage 10

The story of each peace laureate is told at the museum.

Photo: Johannes Granseth/Nobel Peace Center

In memoriam

Former South-African president Frederik Willem de Klerk was awarded the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize for "work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa."
Frederik Willem de Klerk

Physics Laureate Antony Hewish passed away on 13 September, aged 97. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1974 for his pioneering research in radio astrophysics and the studies that led to detecting pulsars.

Edmond H. Fischer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1992 for discoveries concerning reversible phosphorylation, opening up novel insight into basic protein regulations in cells. He passed away on 27 August.

Edmond Fischer
Toshihide Maskawa passed away on 23 July 2021. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 for “the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature.”