The Nobel Prize in Physics 2023
Born: 17 May 1962, Mór, Hungary
Affiliation at the time of the award: Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany
Prize motivation: “for experimental methods that generate attosecond pulses of light for the study of electron dynamics in matter”
Prize share: 1/3
In the world of electrons, changes occur in a few tenths of an attosecond. An attosecond is one billionth of a billionth of a second. Experiments with such short pulses of light make it possible to provide images of processes taking place inside atoms and molecules. In 2001, Ferenc Krausz was able to isolate a single light pulse that lasted 650 attoseconds. Potential applications of attosecond pulses include in electronics and medical diagnostics.
See them all presented here.