Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1998
Walter Kohn, John Pople

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John Pople - Facts

John A. Pople

John A. Pople

Born: 31 October 1925, Burnham-on-Sea, United Kingdom

Died: 15 March 2004, Chicago, IL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Prize motivation: "for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry"

Field: theoretical chemistry

Prize share: 1/2


The structures of molecules and the way they react with one another depends on the movement of electrons and their distribution in space, which is determined by the laws of quantum mechanics. However, quantum mechanics requires very complicated calculations for complex systems such as molecules. At the end of the 1960s, John Pople provided vital input on the use of computers for such calculations, including the Gaussian computer program he developed. Using various experimental data, the program can provide descriptions of molecules' properties and the course of reactions.

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