John A. Pople

Facts

John A. Pople

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

John A. Pople

Born: 31 October 1925, Burnham-on-Sea, United Kingdom

Died: 15 March 2004, Chicago, IL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Prize motivation: "for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry."

Prize share: 1/2

Work

The structures of molecules and the way they react with one another depends on the movement of electrons and their distribution in space, which is determined by the laws of quantum mechanics. However, quantum mechanics requires very complicated calculations for complex systems such as molecules. At the end of the 1960s, John Pople provided vital input on the use of computers for such calculations, including the Gaussian computer program he developed. Using various experimental data, the program can provide descriptions of molecules' properties and the course of reactions.

To cite this section
MLA style: John Pople – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Sat. 22 Sep 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1998/pople/facts/>

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