Nomination Archive


Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
Year:1901
Number:19 - 23
 
Nominee 1:
Name:Frédéric Passy
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1822
Year, Death:1912
Profession:Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Interparliamentary Union.
City:Neuilly-sur-Seine
Country:FRANCE (FR)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1901
 
Nominee 2:
Name:William Randal Cremer
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1828
Year, Death:1908
Profession:Member of parliament. Secretary of the International Arbitration League. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
City:London
Country:UNITED KINGDOM (GB)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1903
 
Nominee 3:
Name: The Permanent International Peace Bureau
Profession:Central office for coordination of peace activities.
City:Bern
Country:SWITZERLAND (CH)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1910
 
Motivation:Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Cremer established the International Arbitration League in 1870. He initiated an arbitration treaty between Great Britain and the USA. Cremer organized and promoted inter-parliamentary peace conferences, and he was editor of the journal "The Arbitrator". He was the only labor leader in the peace movement. Cremer was also one of the founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. The Peace Bureau organized peace conferences, and it collected and published peace literature. It was the heart of the European peace movement, and it co-ordinated the activities of the various national and non-governmental peace organizations.
 
Nominator:
Name: 37 members of the Swedish parliament (Wavrinsky)
Profession:Members of parliament
City:Stockholm
Country:SWEDEN (SE)
 
Comments: Passy began working for peace during the Crimean War, but he did not involve himself more actively in peace work until 1867.
 

To cite this section
MLA style: Nomination Archive. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2020. Tue. 17 Nov 2020. <https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/show.php?id=6620>