Vincent du Vigneaud

Facts

Vincent du Vigneaud

Vincent du Vigneaud

Born: 18 May 1901, Chicago, IL, USA

Died: 11 December 1978, White Plains, NY, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Prize motivation: "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone."

Prize share: 1/1

Work

The element sulfur plays an important role in some of the chemical compounds and processes that are the basis of all life. Vincent du Vigneaud studied sulfurous compounds, including oxytocin, a hormone that among other things plays a role in sexual intimacy and reproduction among people and mammals. In 1953 Vincent du Vigneaud succeeded in isolating the substance and determining its chemical composition. It became the first peptide hormone to have its sequence of amino acids determined. He also succeeded in producing oxytocin by artificial means.

To cite this section
MLA style: Vincent du Vigneaud – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Wed. 15 Aug 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1955/vigneaud/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.