Douglass C. North
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1993
Born: 5 November 1920, Cambridge, MA, USA
Died: 23 November 2015, Benzonia, MI, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
Prize motivation: "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change."
Contribution: Shed new light on the economic development in Europe and the United States before and in connection with the industrial revolution. He emphasized the role of property rights and institutions.
Prize share: 1/2
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.