The Nobel Prize in Literature 1906
Born: 27 July 1835, Val di Castello, Tuscany (now Italy)
Died: 16 February 1907, Bologna, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.