The Nobel Prize in Literature 1907
Born: 30 December 1865, Bombay, British India (now India)
Died: 18 January 1936, London, United Kingdom
Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom
Prize motivation: "in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.