Rudolf Christoph Eucken
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1908
Born: 5 January 1846, Aurich, East Friesland (now Germany)
Died: 14 September 1926, Jena, Germany
Residence at the time of the award: Germany
Prize motivation: "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.