The Nobel Prize in Literature 1930
Born: 7 February 1885, Sauk Centre, MN, USA
Died: 10 January 1951, Rome, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: USA
Prize motivation: "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.