The Nobel Prize in Literature 1952
Born: 11 October 1885, Bordeaux, France
Died: 1 September 1970, Paris, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.