The Nobel Prize in Literature 1959
Born: 20 August 1901, Modica, Italy
Died: 14 June 1968, Naples, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.