The Nobel Prize in Literature 1959
Born: 20 August 1901, Modica, Italy
Died: 14 June 1968, Naples, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.