The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960
Born: 31 May 1887, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe Island
Died: 20 September 1975, Presqu'île-de-Giens, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.