The Nobel Prize in Literature 1961
Born: 10 October 1892, Dolac, Bosnia (now Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Died: 13 March 1975, Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia)
Residence at the time of the award: Yugoslavia
Prize motivation: "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.