The Nobel Prize in Literature 1962
Born: 27 February 1902, Salinas, CA, USA
Died: 20 December 1968, New York, NY, USA
Residence at the time of the award: USA
Prize motivation: "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.