Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1965
Born: 24 May 1905, Veshenskaya, Russia
Died: 21 February 1984, Veshenskaya, USSR
Residence at the time of the award: USSR
Prize motivation: "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.