The Nobel Prize in Literature 1968
Born: 11 June 1899, Osaka, Japan
Died: 16 April 1972, Zushi, Japan
Residence at the time of the award: Japan
Prize motivation: "for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.