The Nobel Prize in Literature 1974
Born: 29 July 1900, Svartbjörnsbyn, Sweden
Died: 25 August 1976, Stockholm, Sweden
Residence at the time of the award: Sweden
Prize motivation: "for a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom."
Prize share: 1/2
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.