The Nobel Prize in Literature 1974
Born: 29 July 1900, Svartbjörnsbyn, Sweden
Died: 25 August 1976, Stockholm, Sweden
Residence at the time of the award: Sweden
Prize motivation: "for a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom."
Prize share: 1/2
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.