The Nobel Prize in Literature 1979
Born: 2 November 1911, Iráklion, Crete (now Greece)
Died: 18 March 1996, Athens, Greece
Residence at the time of the award: Greece
Prize motivation: "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.