The Nobel Prize in Literature 1980
Born: 30 June 1911, Śeteniai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania)
Died: 14 August 2004, Kraków, Poland
Residence at the time of the award: USA
Prize motivation: "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.