The Nobel Prize in Literature 1980
Born: 30 June 1911, Śeteniai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania)
Died: 14 August 2004, Kraków, Poland
Residence at the time of the award: USA
Prize motivation: "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.