The Nobel Prize in Literature 1981
Born: 25 July 1905, Ruse, Bulgaria
Died: 14 August 1994, Zurich, Switzerland
Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom
Prize motivation: "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.