The Nobel Prize in Literature 1981
Born: 25 July 1905, Ruse, Bulgaria
Died: 14 August 1994, Zurich, Switzerland
Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom
Prize motivation: "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.