© The Nobel Foundation. Photo: U. Montan
Mario Vargas Llosa
Born: 28 March 1936, Arequipa, Peru
Prize motivation: "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat."
Prize share: 1/1
Mario Vargas Llosa was born into a middle-class family in Arequipa, Peru. His parents divorced when he was young, and he grew up with his mother and maternal grandparents in Bolivia, where his grandfather worked as a consular officer. Mario Vargas Llosa developed an interest in poetry at an early age, which was a source of worry for his father, who enrolled him in a military academy. Nevertheless, he followed his literary instincts and became a writer. He was also politically active and ran as a candidate in the Peruvian presidential election of 1990. Nowadays he spends most of his time in Madrid, but also lives in Peru. He has three children.
In the 1960s, Latin American literature experienced rapid development that has come to be called "El Boom". Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa was at the heart of this explosion. His extensive, rich authorship consists mostly of novels, but also of plays, essays, literary criticisms, and journalism. His works reflect his ardent love of storytelling. They are characterized by rich language and cover a range of genres - from autobiographical books and historical novels to erotic fiction and thrillers.
See the list of all Nobel Prizes, awarded for "the greatest benefit to mankind."
In his will, Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK to found the Nobel Prizes.
Medicine Laureate Shinya Yamanaka talks about the importance of taking risks.