Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1907
Born: 18 June 1845, Paris, France
Died: 18 May 1922, Paris, France
Affiliation at the time of the award: Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Prize motivation: "in recognition of his work on the role played by protozoa in causing diseases."
Prize share: 1/1
In the tropics malaria is a common disease that causes high fever and other symptoms. By the middle of the 19th century, it was clear that many diseases are caused by microorganisms, and a great many people suspected that malaria was caused by a bacterium. After examining blood from people infected with malaria, Alphonse Laveran in 1889 was able to definitively show that malaria is caused by another type of single-celled organism, a protozoan of the Plasmodium family, which attacks red blood cells. He also identified other single-celled parasites that cause other diseases.
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.