Alexis Carrel

Facts

Alexis Carrel

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Alexis Carrel

Born: 28 June 1873, Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

Died: 5 November 1944, Paris, France

Affiliation at the time of the award: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, NY, USA

Prize motivation: "in recognition of his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs."

Prize share: 1/1

Work

The circulatory system, which plays a key role in transporting substances throughout the body, consists of the heart and blood vessels. During the first decade of the 20th century, Alexis Carrell developed methods for sewing blood vessels together. These were very significant for surgery and allowed new ways of studying health problems. It also laid the groundwork for transplant surgery. For a long time, transplants were impossible because the immune system would reject transplanted organs, but medications later made them possible.

To cite this section
MLA style: Alexis Carrel – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Wed. 14 Nov 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1912/carrel/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.