Karl Landsteiner

Facts

Karl Landsteiner

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Karl Landsteiner
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1930

Born: 14 June 1868, Vienna, Austrian Empire (now Austria)

Died: 26 June 1943, New York, NY, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, NY, USA

Prize motivation: "for his discovery of human blood groups."

Prize share: 1/1

Work

When a person loses lots of blood through accident or illness, it must be replaced. When transfusions from one person to another were tried, however, the result was very often disastrous. Karl Landsteiner discovered why: when different people's blood was mixed, the blood cells sometimes clotted. He explained in 1901 that people have different types of blood cells, that is, there are different blood groups. The discovery led to blood transfusions between people with compatible blood groups.

To cite this section
MLA style: Karl Landsteiner – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Thu. 15 Nov 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1930/landsteiner/facts/>

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