Edward Adelbert Doisy
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1943
Born: 13 November 1893, Hume, IL, USA
Died: 23 October 1986, St. Louis, MO, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA
Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K."
Henrik Dam and Edward Doisy received their Nobel Prize one year later, in 1944.
Prize share: 1/2
In addition to carbohydrates, proteins and fats, our bodies need vitamins to function well. Henrik Dam's revelation that a substance he called vitamin K was needed for blood to coagulate was followed by a number of investigations into how this substance can be obtained. In 1939 Edward Doisy succeeded in producing two variants of vitamin K in pure form, allowing him to determine its structure and to produce it by artificial means. This became especially important in treating bleeding among small children.
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.