The process of gene targeting involves two steps.
Capecchi and Smithies discovered that homologous
Evans identified and isolated embryonic stem cells
Genes altered in vitro can thus be passed on to future
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.