Institute of International Law


Logotype for Institute of International Law


Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law)
The Nobel Peace Prize 1904

Founded: 1873, Ghent, Belgium

Role: Scientific society

Prize motivation: “for its striving in public law to develop peaceful ties between nations and to make the laws of war more humane”

Prize share: 1/1

For the reign of law in international relations

“Justitia et pace” - Justice and peace - is the slogan of this nongovernmental organization of lawyers, founded in 1873. The Belgian lawyer Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns was the initiator, and the aim was to build an international institute which would be an authority on international law. The organization he created is still working to make the rules of international law, not war and violence, the guidelines for relations between sovereign states.

In 1904, the Institute of International Law won special praise for promoting international arbitration and for persuading states to accept the rules of law in wartime. The Institute was among other things given the credit for the provisions on arbitration which were adopted by the Hague Congress in 1899. In the inter-war years, the work of the Institute was very important to the League of Nations. Since 1945 the United Nations has found the reports and legal interpretations issued by the Institute of International Law very helpful.

The seat of the Institute is at the Secretary-General's place of residence.

To cite this section
MLA style: Institute of International Law – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2024. Wed. 28 Feb 2024. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Eleven laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2023, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from effective mRNA vaccines and attosecond physics to fighting against the oppression of women.

See them all presented here.

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.