Alfred Hermann Fried
The Nobel Peace Prize 1911
Born: 11 November 1864, Vienna, Austria
Died: 4 May 1921, Vienna, Austria
Residence at the time of the award: Austria
Role: Journalist, Founder of Die Friedenswarte (a peace publication)
Prize motivation: “for his effort to expose and fight what he considers to be the main cause of war, namely, the anarchy in international relations”
Prize share: 1/2
Peace Philosopher, Publisher and Popularizer
An optimist where human development was concerned, Alfred H. Fried held that societies would gradually grow more peaceful. Politicians and friends of peace should work hard to organize the international community. That was why Fried was enthusiastic about the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague.
Fried moved to Germany and was a co-founder of the German Peace Society. But Fried's life's-work lay in publishing and writing. He collaborated for decades with the 1905 Peace Prize Laureate, the Austrian baroness Bertha von Suttner, and she was a frequent contributor to his periodicals Die Waffen Nieder! and Die Friedens-Warte. Fried himself wrote thousands of articles and published a number of works. His approach was to popularize the thoughts and opinions of experts in international law, and his goal was a new and peaceful organization of society.