Alfred Fried


Alfred Hermann Fried

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Alfred Hermann Fried
The Nobel Peace Prize 1911

Born: 11 November 1864, Vienna, Austria

Died: 4 May 1921, Vienna, Austria

Residence at the time of the award: Austria

Role: Journalist; Founder of Die Friedenswarte (a peace publication)

Prize motivation: “for his effort to expose and fight what he considers to be the main cause of war, namely, the anarchy in international relations”

Prize share: 1/2

Peace Philosopher, Publisher and Popularizer

An optimist where human development was concerned, Alfred H. Fried held that societies would gradually grow more peaceful. Politicians and friends of peace should work hard to organize the international community. That was why Fried was enthusiastic about the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague.

Fried moved to Germany and was a co-founder of the German Peace Society. But Fried's life's-work lay in publishing and writing. He collaborated for decades with the 1905 Peace Prize Laureate, the Austrian baroness Bertha von Suttner, and she was a frequent contributor to his periodicals Die Waffen Nieder! and Die Friedens-Warte. Fried himself wrote thousands of articles and published a number of works. His approach was to popularize the thoughts and opinions of experts in international law, and his goal was a new and peaceful organization of society.

To cite this section
MLA style: Alfred Fried – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Thu. 7 Dec 2023. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Streams during Nobel Week

Watch the 2023 Nobel Prize lectures, the Nobel Prize Concert, Nobel Week Dialogue, the prize award ceremonies in Oslo and Stockholm and Nobel Peace Prize Forum here at
Watch lectures and award ceremonies

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.