Albert Schweitzer


Albert Schweitzer

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Albert Schweitzer
The Nobel Peace Prize 1952

Born: 14 January 1875, Kaysersberg, Germany (now France)

Died: 4 September 1965, Lambaréné, Gabon

Residence at the time of the award: France

Role: Missionary surgeon, Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)

Prize motivation: “for his altruism, reverence for life, and tireless humanitarian work which has helped making the idea of brotherhood between men and nations a living one”

Albert Schweitzer received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1953.

Prize share: 1/1

Doctor, Missionary, Philosopher and Musician

The expression “reverence for life” is the key to Albert Schweitzer's personal philosophy. No person must ever harm or destroy life unless absolutely necessary. This attitude permeated everything he did.

Schweitzer was born in Alsace in the then German Empire. He studied theology and became a priest, but that was not enough. He wanted to alleviate suffering, and accordingly studied medicine. Together with his wife, who was a nurse, he built and ran a hospital at the mission station Lambarene in Gabon, a French colony at the time. This effort became an example to others.

In 1957, Schweitzer spoke on the radio to people all over the world. The respect of the Nobel Prize Laureate for all life made him issue his warning against nuclear tests and the dangers from radioactive fall-out.
Albert Schweitzer was also a gifted musician and interpreter of Bach. He gave numerous organ concerts in Europe to finance the hospital in Africa.

To cite this section
MLA style: Albert Schweitzer – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Thu. 1 Jun 2023. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Fourteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2022, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from paleogenomics and click chemistry to documenting war crimes.

See them all presented here.
Nobel Prizes 2022

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.