Vitaly L. Ginzburg

Facts

Vitaly L. Ginzburg

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Vitaly L. Ginzburg
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2003

Born: 4 October 1916, Moscow, Russia

Died: 8 November 2009

Affiliation at the time of the award: P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia

Prize motivation: "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids."

Prize share: 1/3

Work

When certain substances are cooled to extremely low temperatures, they become superconductors, conducting electrical current entirely without resistance. With one type of superconductivity, the magnetic field is forced away from the conductor, but with another type of superconductivity, the magnetic field is admitted into the conductor. In 1950 Vitaly Ginzburg and Lev Landau formulated a theory that incorporated a mathematical function to clarify the interplay between superconductivity and magnetism. The theory was intended for the first type of superconductivity, but it enabled a theory for the second type of superconductivity.

To cite this section
MLA style: Vitaly L. Ginzburg – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Sat. 17 Nov 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2003/ginzburg/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.