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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2005
Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs, Richard R. Schrock

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Richard R. Schrock - Facts

Richard R. Schrock

Richard R. Schrock

Born: 4 January 1945, Berne, IN, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA

Prize motivation: "for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis"

Field: organic chemistry

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Organic substances - a multitude of chemical compounds that contain the element carbon - are the basis of all life. Metathesis is an important type of chemical reaction in assembling or synthesizing organic substances. In metathesis double bonds between carbon atoms are broken and reorganized at the same time as atomic groups change place. Around 1992 Richard Grubbs discovered a metallic compound that effectively facilitates metathesis and is stable in the air. Metathesis has enabled more effective and environmentally sound processes in industry.

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