The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1912
Born: 6 May 1871, Cherbourg, France
Died: 13 December 1935, Lyon, France
Affiliation at the time of the award: Nancy University, Nancy, France
Prize motivation: "for the discovery of the so-called Grignard reagent, which in recent years has greatly advanced the progress of organic chemistry."
Prize share: 1/2
Nature is full of organic substances - a large and varied quantity of chemical compounds that contain the element carbon. Combining - synthesizing - organic substances by chemical means is important in both scientific and industrial contexts. In 1900 Victor Grignard developed a method for combining more basic organic compounds into more complex ones by causing carbon atoms to be bound to one another. The method uses magnesium as a catalyst - a substance that facilitates the process without being integrated into the final product.
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.