Georg Wittig

Facts

Georg Wittig

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Georg Wittig
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1979

Born: 16 June 1897, Berlin, Germany

Died: 26 August 1987, Heidelberg, West Germany (now Germany)

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Prize motivation: “for their development of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis”

Prize share: 1/2

Work

During chemical reactions, molecules composed of atoms meet and form new compounds. Through chemical reactions, it is possible to synthesize chemical compounds in laboratories with molecules that do not exist in nature. In 1953 Georg Wittig discovered a reaction between a phosphorous carbon compound and another carbon compound that resulted in formation of a carbon compound with a least one double bond between carbon atoms. Among other things, biologically active compounds can be formed. For example, vitamin A can be produced by artificial means with the help of this reaction.

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