Paul D. Boyer


Paul D. Boyer

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Paul D. Boyer
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997

Born: 31 July 1918, Provo, UT, USA

Died: 2 June 2018, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Prize motivation: “for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)”

Prize share: 1/4


All life requires energy. In both plants and animals, energy is stored and transported by a special molecule, adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Photosynthesis and respiration generate a flow of hydrogen ions, which are used to build up ATP molecules with the help of ATP synthase, an enzyme that facilitates the process without being incorporated in the final product. In 1974 Paul Boyer presented a theory explaining how ATP synthase works. The theory was substantiated in 1994 when John Walker used X-ray crystallography to determine the structure of ATP synthase.

To cite this section
MLA style: Paul D. Boyer – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2024. Sat. 2 Mar 2024. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Eleven laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2023, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from effective mRNA vaccines and attosecond physics to fighting against the oppression of women.

See them all presented here.

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.